Ecological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe, 900 1900

Ecological Imperialism The Biological Expansion of Europe Focusing on ecological aspects this study reveals how Europeans were able to conquer the people of temperate lands through the successful environmental adaptation of the plants animals and germs tha

  • Title: Ecological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe, 900 1900
  • Author: Alfred W. Crosby
  • ISBN: 9780521456906
  • Page: 258
  • Format: Paperback
  • Focusing on ecological aspects, this study reveals how Europeans were able to conquer the people of temperate lands through the successful environmental adaptation of the plants, animals and germs that they brought with them.

    • Free Read [Historical Fiction Book] ↠ Ecological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe, 900 1900 - by Alfred W. Crosby ï
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      Published :2019-09-12T11:15:58+00:00

    About "Alfred W. Crosby"

    1. Alfred W. Crosby

      Alfred W. Crosby Is a well-known author, some of his books are a fascination for readers like in the Ecological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe, 900 1900 book, this is one of the most wanted Alfred W. Crosby author readers around the world.

    911 thoughts on “Ecological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe, 900 1900”

    1. This book sounds/looks amazing, and I was so excited to finally get around to it (it's been sitting on my shelves for a few years). Alas, it turned out to be a non-critical, awfully confused hodge-podge of random strands from various disciplines (ecology, history, anthropology, geography) strung loosely together into a knotted mess that made it clear that Crosby does not have adequate knowledge in ANY field, certainly not enough to write such an important work.Crosby engages in such tactics as q [...]


    2. This classic of biogeography has been on my to-read list for a few years (I'm not sure where I got the rec from - possibly Against the Grain: How Agriculture Has Hijacked Civilization?). I was under the impression it was a narrower and less fully formed iteration of Jared Diamond's ideas in Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies. There is a lot of overlap between the two, especially in the epidemiological arena (really an older idea than either of them, and Crosby goes so far as to [...]


    3. Walking around with this book made me feel like yet another Berkleyan post-hippy fuming over my unresolved anger and guilt over yet another heinous crime perpetrated by my European cultural forebears: they didn't just enslave Africans, they didn't just exterminate all the Amerindians, but by Gaia, their very ecosystem took over the world! WTF, Columbus?! Where did it end?To clarify, I am not that guy (well, mostly), and this is not that book (ditto), despite the title. This book is another explo [...]


    4. This book gets sort of a low-four star rating, because it doesn't go much beyond what it sets out to do, but what it sets out to do is ambitious and impressively handled. Crosby begins by asking why human European emigrants and their descendants have come to live throughout the temperate zones of the world, then goes on to point out that they have brought their native biotas along with them, allowing for the transformation of local ecologies into what he refers to as “Neo-Europes.” The dande [...]


    5. Crosby is a great writer and he has intriguing things to say. However, he is incredibly Eurocentric and Christian biased. It can grow tiring hearing how great Europeans are compared to the ethnic groups they conquered (often brought up with belittling and/or unflattering terms). Shame, really, because it totally undermines what could have been a splendid little history of the European conquest of the rest of the world. I recommend at least perusing the book if you're interested in the subject, b [...]


    6. Mais história que biologia, e a parte mais essencial foi mal explorada a meu verNão obstante levanta importantes questionamentos e da uma panorama que eu ainda não tinha domínio


    7. Introduction"Europeans, to borrow a term from agriculture, have swarmed again and again and have selected their new homes as if each swarm were physically repulsed by the other." (p.3)Until as late at 1800 white populations in the Americas, Australia and New Zealand were relatively small, then came the deluge of emigration. 1820-1930 over 50 million Europeans migrated to non-European lands. Crosby believes that technology and ideology only account for part of this movement. Instead, the more bas [...]


    8. Recommended by Michael Pollan (in The Botany of Desire: A Plant's-Eye View of the World) and clearly an important influence on Jared Diamond's Guns, Germs and Steel, this is a good book for people who want to go deeper into current ideas about how the West got where it is (on top) and why (neither because of a superior intellect or a superior capacity for cruelty). The author, Alfred Crosby, doesn't waste the reader's time hyperventilating about the injustice of it all. He just lets a few anecdo [...]


    9. A classic that is now more thought provoking than useful as a method of seeing history. I love this book, and its influence is wide ranging, but an uncritical reading can lead one straight to Jared Diamond style Ecologic Determinism or worse. So it is dated and needs to be read in context, but it is not useless.Post Script: After reading the reviews here, I think it needs to be emphasized that Crosby was a pioneer in Environmental Studies. This book was written at a time when European superiorit [...]


    10. This book seems to argue for a new understanding of world and colonial history but instead just ends up reinforcing old environmental determinist tropes about the superiority of Europe and the inferiority of the rest of the world. Even if Crosby never explicitly makes such arguments, his sloppy use of metaphor betrays an understanding of cultures as high or low, depending on their relationships to technology, nature, etc. further, he seems to define culture as a behaviorist-biological phenomenon [...]


    11. This book opened up an important line of inquiry, but in Crosby's blithe hands the consideration of the role of micro-organisms and animals in "softening up" of indigenous populations before the arrival of European settlers too easily turns into an excuse for decimation and genocide.


    12. The book is worth placing at the 5 star level for the explanation. However, it is very repetitive and some passages are repeated in multiple chapters. I felt like reading only the country-by-country case study could provide adequate information for someone only moderately interested.


    13. Combined with "1491", this did a lot to complexify my understanding of European conquest and colonization of the New World and Oceania. Crosby's case study of the Spanish conquest of the Canary Islands, in particular, demonstrates how invaders have a very steep hill to climb even with "guns, germs, and steel," and that only a combination of virgin-soil epidemics and continuous military pressure actually ensured the native people's defeat. (It was far from a sure thing otherwise: see, for example [...]


    14. One of the key pieces in the recent movement towards a more materialist/scientific view of history, this book details the ways in which Old World people, plants, animals, and pathogens came to dominate the landscapes Crosby calls "Neo-Europes" -- the regions which were most fully remade by colonization in particular North America, Australia, New Zealand, the Azores, Canaries, and Madeira, and the pampas of South America. His basic argument is that these regions were the ones most dominated by Eu [...]


    15. This took me months to read. I managed to read it in between 1491 and 1493. Both of those books dealing with Columbus and the effect he had on civilization. This book analyzes and brings to light many things most of us do not even bother to think about. World history dissected under a microscope.



    16. Well-presented, comprehensive description of the reasons for the success and failures of European organisms as they expanded out of Europe between 900 and 1900. Also addresses the long-historical reasons for the differences between the European and other environments at this time – in this way it precedes, somewhat supplants, somewhat complements, somewhat pre-figures the arguments in the later Guns, Germs, and Steel.


    17. This book blew my mind. Just like Alfred Crosby's previous book, The Columbian Exchange, it is a book of both biology and history, my two favorite subjects. But, more than that, it is full of ideas and concepts that I had never really considered before. One big concept is that the Neolithic revolution (agriculture and resulting population densities) was an ecological phenomenon that spread throughout the old world and whichever pre-neolithic people it touched were either conquered and adapted to [...]


    18. This was an easy read, and very interesting. I could read it almost like a novel. There were quite a few 'Oh!' and 'Aha!' moments that I had while reading Ecological Imperialism. Crosby tells us through his book about how and why European imperialism gained the success that it did. That there was something more to just skillful warfare - and that something gave Europeans the push that they required to establish 'Neo-Europes' as he calls them, around the world.Something that I found lacking in th [...]


    19. While in a few places, Ecological Imperialism is a difficult read it is nevertheless fascinating to delve deaper into World History and see how Europeans settled in different parts of the world. Many times we think of the conquest in terms of military might but there is so much more. Crosby shows that the effects of guns was significant but not nearly as much as the changes in flora, fauna and the effects of diseases ravaged in the New World. Crosby calls the areas where Europeans were able to s [...]


    20. This book was originally published in 1986 and I knew a lot of the information covered here, mainly due to Jared Diamond's "Guns, Germs, and Steel" written later, in the 90s. Crosby emphasizes the impact of the invasive plant and animal species that were part of the European colonization of America and other areas. One chapter, "Weeds", is about how Eurasian plants pushed out the native plants and became an essential part of the European invasions. We certainly know how invasive species of plant [...]


    21. Alfred Crosby explores the origins of global inequality in Ecological Imperialism. Using globe-spanning examples ranging across hundreds of years, Crosby demonstrates that the reason Europeans were so successful in colonizing particular localities was because of the plants, animals, and illnesses they brought with them. Crosby terms these hangers-on "portmanteau biota" and argues that without them European colonization of the Americas and Oceania would not have been possible. The book, originall [...]


    22. Crosby develops a profound argument about the geographical location of Europeans. He argues that climate is a bigger force in European (and neo-European) location as anything else. Crosby asks big questions about the extinction of megafauna and exposes European imperialism that transcended bigger guns and bank acocunts. This environmental history text relies heavily on ecology and environmental science and subsequently dilutes (in my mind) it's social ramifications, but nonetheless it's a solid [...]


    23. I probably wouldn't have picked up this book if it weren't assigned for class, but it was still an interesting read. Not all the pages were assigned, but I read the whole thing anyway, so it must have been pretty interesting (and not just that I misplaced the syllabus and didn't know which pages to read). I though Crosby's theory/argument was interesting, but also a bit presumptuous? I mean, it's easy to say that European flora and fauna were so successful in the New World because of certain fac [...]


    24. Overall Crosby does an amazing job at telling the historical facts, albeit through a European lens. He does a great job at explaining what agency Europeans had and what “advantages” they had while “discovering” new worlds. The fact that he chooses not to challenge the injustices that happened and frames it in a way that implies “this was meant to happen” somewhat diminishes the importance of biodiversity that used to exist. But there is hope, he does somewhat give judgment implying a [...]


    25. For a person who has never enjoyed any non-fiction history books.I actually really enjoyed this book. It was the first required reading for a history class I didn't feel like throwing against a wall or burning afterwards. It was still pretty slow going for me, but I found myself quite interested in the content. I finished it much faster than what was required. In fact, I finished it before the class even began! I'm looking forward to this class. I guess this book is pretty good, if even I, the n [...]


    26. Crosby's groundbreaking work argues that the European "portmanteau biota" - the plants, animals, and diseases that accompanied European explorers and settlers were crucial in creating "Neo-Europes" in the temperate zones. In these areas - the US and Canada, the cone of South America, South Africa, Australia, and New Zealand - European diseases decimated the indigenous people and European plants and animals altered the environment in ways that made it entirely suited for European agricultural, he [...]


    27. Found a 2nd hand copy at the Junction Bookstore in Thimpu, Bhutan. This is a brilliant analysis of Europe's successful colonialism of the Americas, Australia, New Zealand and certain other parts of the world. Original work, an eye opener on how ecology played an important, rather vital role in the favour of colonialism. I think it is a msut read for anybody who works on history, ecology, island eco-systems, ethnography or even anybody who wants to have a better understanding of the world today


    28. The writing style is engaging. The tone feels dated but kind, like a lecture from a favorite uncle. It's an interesting approach to a periodfilled with conflict and horrors.Like many books the beginning felt stronger than the end. The early sections on prehistoric humanity felt like they could use an update. The mention of a present day human population of 5 billion in the conclusion felt similarly jarring. Still, for a 30-year-old science book, it remains an interesting read.


    29. If you liked Guns, Germs, and Steel, this book is more of the same but better organized, more accurate, and easier to read. It doesn't make any grand claims to understand how food domestication occurs (which is not scientifically proven even in the above example) but he does present some very clear and good ideas about the nature of European Colonization. Just note that the Viking and Crusade sections suck and are quite wrong but beyond that the book iis great.


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